C++ 插件

插件是用 C++ 编写的动态链接共享对象。 require() 函数可以将插件加载为普通的 Node.js 模块。 插件提供了 JavaScript 和 C/C++ 库之间的接口。

    Addons are dynamically-linked shared objects written in C++. The require() function can load addons as ordinary Node.js modules. Addons provide an interface between JavaScript and C/C++ libraries.

    There are three options for implementing addons: Node-API, nan, or direct use of internal V8, libuv, and Node.js libraries. Unless there is a need for direct access to functionality which is not exposed by Node-API, use Node-API. Refer to C/C++ addons with Node-API for more information on Node-API.

    When not using Node-API, implementing addons is complicated, involving knowledge of several components and APIs:

    • V8: the C++ library Node.js uses to provide the JavaScript implementation. V8 provides the mechanisms for creating objects, calling functions, etc. V8's API is documented mostly in the v8.h header file (deps/v8/include/v8.h in the Node.js source tree), which is also available online.

    • libuv: The C library that implements the Node.js event loop, its worker threads and all of the asynchronous behaviors of the platform. It also serves as a cross-platform abstraction library, giving easy, POSIX-like access across all major operating systems to many common system tasks, such as interacting with the filesystem, sockets, timers, and system events. libuv also provides a threading abstraction similar to POSIX threads for more sophisticated asynchronous addons that need to move beyond the standard event loop. Addon authors should avoid blocking the event loop with I/O or other time-intensive tasks by offloading work via libuv to non-blocking system operations, worker threads, or a custom use of libuv threads.

    • Internal Node.js libraries. Node.js itself exports C++ APIs that addons can use, the most important of which is the node::ObjectWrap class.

    • Node.js includes other statically linked libraries including OpenSSL. These other libraries are located in the deps/ directory in the Node.js source tree. Only the libuv, OpenSSL, V8, and zlib symbols are purposefully re-exported by Node.js and may be used to various extents by addons. See Linking to libraries included with Node.js for additional information.

    All of the following examples are available for download and may be used as the starting-point for an addon.