no-magic-numbers

禁止幻数

'Magic numbers' 是在代码中多次出现但没有明确含义的数字。最好用命名常量替换它们。

var now = Date.now(),
    inOneHour = now + (60 * 60 * 1000);

规则详情

no-magic-numbers 规则旨在通过确保将特殊数字声明为常量以使其含义明确,从而使代码更具可读性和重构更容易。

此规则的错误代码示例:

/*eslint no-magic-numbers: "error"*/

var dutyFreePrice = 100,
    finalPrice = dutyFreePrice + (dutyFreePrice * 0.25);
/*eslint no-magic-numbers: "error"*/

var data = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz'];

var dataLast = data[2];
/*eslint no-magic-numbers: "error"*/

var SECONDS;

SECONDS = 60;

此规则的正确代码示例:

/*eslint no-magic-numbers: "error"*/

var TAX = 0.25;

var dutyFreePrice = 100,
    finalPrice = dutyFreePrice + (dutyFreePrice * TAX);

选项

ignore

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "ignore": [1] }]*/

var data = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz'];
var dataLast = data.length && data[data.length - 1];

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "ignore": ["1n"] }]*/

foo(1n);

ignoreArrayIndexes

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "ignoreArrayIndexes": true }]*/

var item = data[2];

data[100] = a;

f(data[0]);

a = data[-0]; // same as data[0], -0 will be coerced to "0"

a = data[0xAB];

a = data[5.6e1];

a = data[10n]; // same as data[10], 10n will be coerced to "10"

a = data[4294967294]; // max array index

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "ignoreArrayIndexes": true }]*/

f(2); // not used as array index

a = data[-1];

a = data[2.5];

a = data[5.67e1];

a = data[-10n];

a = data[4294967295]; // above the max array index

a = data[1e500]; // same as data["Infinity"]

ignoreDefaultValues

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "ignoreDefaultValues": true }]*/

const { tax = 0.25 } = accountancy;

function mapParallel(concurrency = 3) { /***/ }
/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "ignoreDefaultValues": true }]*/

let head;
[head = 100] = []

enforceConst

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "enforceConst": true }]*/

var TAX = 0.25;

var dutyFreePrice = 100,
    finalPrice = dutyFreePrice + (dutyFreePrice * TAX);

detectObjects

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "detectObjects": true }]*/

var magic = {
  tax: 0.25
};

var dutyFreePrice = 100,
    finalPrice = dutyFreePrice + (dutyFreePrice * magic.tax);

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/*eslint no-magic-numbers: ["error", { "detectObjects": true }]*/

var TAX = 0.25;

var magic = {
  tax: TAX
};

var dutyFreePrice = 100,
    finalPrice = dutyFreePrice + (dutyFreePrice * magic.tax);