vm.createContext([contextObject[, options]])


    如果给定 contextObjectvm.createContext() 方法将准备那个对象,以便它可以用于调用 vm.runInContext()script.runInContext()。 在此类脚本中,contextObject 将是全局对象,保留其所有现有属性,但也具有任何标准全局对象具有的内置对象和函数。 在 vm 模块运行的脚本之外,全局变量将保持不变。

    • contextObject <Object>
    • options <Object>
      • name <string> Human-readable name of the newly created context. Default: 'VM Context i', where i is an ascending numerical index of the created context.
      • origin <string> Origin corresponding to the newly created context for display purposes. The origin should be formatted like a URL, but with only the scheme, host, and port (if necessary), like the value of the url.origin property of a URL object. Most notably, this string should omit the trailing slash, as that denotes a path. Default: ''.
      • codeGeneration <Object>
        • strings <boolean> If set to false any calls to eval or function constructors (Function, GeneratorFunction, etc) will throw an EvalError. Default: true.
        • wasm <boolean> If set to false any attempt to compile a WebAssembly module will throw a WebAssembly.CompileError. Default: true.
      • microtaskMode <string> If set to afterEvaluate, microtasks (tasks scheduled through Promises and async functions) will be run immediately after a script has run through script.runInContext(). They are included in the timeout and breakOnSigint scopes in that case.
    • Returns: <Object> contextified object.

    If given a contextObject, the vm.createContext() method will prepare that object so that it can be used in calls to vm.runInContext() or script.runInContext(). Inside such scripts, the contextObject will be the global object, retaining all of its existing properties but also having the built-in objects and functions any standard global object has. Outside of scripts run by the vm module, global variables will remain unchanged.

    const vm = require('node:vm');
    
    global.globalVar = 3;
    
    const context = { globalVar: 1 };
    vm.createContext(context);
    
    vm.runInContext('globalVar *= 2;', context);
    
    console.log(context);
    // Prints: { globalVar: 2 }
    
    console.log(global.globalVar);
    // Prints: 3

    If contextObject is omitted (or passed explicitly as undefined), a new, empty contextified object will be returned.

    The vm.createContext() method is primarily useful for creating a single context that can be used to run multiple scripts. For instance, if emulating a web browser, the method can be used to create a single context representing a window's global object, then run all <script> tags together within that context.

    The provided name and origin of the context are made visible through the Inspector API.