script.runInNewContext([contextObject[, options]])


    首先对给定的 contextObject 进行上下文隔离化,在创建的上下文中运行 vm.Script 对象包含的编译代码,并返回结果。 运行代码无权访问本地作用域。

    • contextObject <Object> An object that will be contextified. If undefined, a new object will be created.
    • options <Object>
      • displayErrors <boolean> When true, if an Error occurs while compiling the code, the line of code causing the error is attached to the stack trace. Default: true.
      • timeout <integer> Specifies the number of milliseconds to execute code before terminating execution. If execution is terminated, an Error will be thrown. This value must be a strictly positive integer.
      • breakOnSigint <boolean> If true, receiving SIGINT (Ctrl+C) will terminate execution and throw an Error. Existing handlers for the event that have been attached via process.on('SIGINT') are disabled during script execution, but continue to work after that. Default: false.
      • contextName <string> Human-readable name of the newly created context. Default: 'VM Context i', where i is an ascending numerical index of the created context.
      • contextOrigin <string> Origin corresponding to the newly created context for display purposes. The origin should be formatted like a URL, but with only the scheme, host, and port (if necessary), like the value of the url.origin property of a URL object. Most notably, this string should omit the trailing slash, as that denotes a path. Default: ''.
      • contextCodeGeneration <Object>
        • strings <boolean> If set to false any calls to eval or function constructors (Function, GeneratorFunction, etc) will throw an EvalError. Default: true.
        • wasm <boolean> If set to false any attempt to compile a WebAssembly module will throw a WebAssembly.CompileError. Default: true.
      • microtaskMode <string> If set to afterEvaluate, microtasks (tasks scheduled through Promises and async functions) will be run immediately after the script has run. They are included in the timeout and breakOnSigint scopes in that case.
    • Returns: <any> the result of the very last statement executed in the script.

    First contextifies the given contextObject, runs the compiled code contained by the vm.Script object within the created context, and returns the result. Running code does not have access to local scope.

    The following example compiles code that sets a global variable, then executes the code multiple times in different contexts. The globals are set on and contained within each individual context.

    const vm = require('node:vm');
    
    const script = new vm.Script('globalVar = "set"');
    
    const contexts = [{}, {}, {}];
    contexts.forEach((context) => {
      script.runInNewContext(context);
    });
    
    console.log(contexts);
    // Prints: [{ globalVar: 'set' }, { globalVar: 'set' }, { globalVar: 'set' }]