fsPromises.access(path[, mode])

    测试用户对 path 指定的文件或目录的权限。 mode 参数是可选的整数,指定要执行的可访问性检查。 mode 应该是值 fs.constants.F_OK 或由 fs.constants.R_OKfs.constants.W_OKfs.constants.X_OK 中的任何一个(例如 fs.constants.W_OK | fs.constants.R_OK)的按位或组成的掩码。 查看文件访问的常量以获取可能的 mode 值。

    Tests a user's permissions for the file or directory specified by path. The mode argument is an optional integer that specifies the accessibility checks to be performed. mode should be either the value fs.constants.F_OK or a mask consisting of the bitwise OR of any of fs.constants.R_OK, fs.constants.W_OK, and fs.constants.X_OK (e.g. fs.constants.W_OK | fs.constants.R_OK). Check File access constants for possible values of mode.

    If the accessibility check is successful, the promise is resolved with no value. If any of the accessibility checks fail, the promise is rejected with an <Error> object. The following example checks if the file /etc/passwd can be read and written by the current process.

    import { access, constants } from 'node:fs/promises';
    try {
      await access('/etc/passwd', constants.R_OK | constants.W_OK);
      console.log('can access');
    } catch {
      console.error('cannot access');

    Using fsPromises.access() to check for the accessibility of a file before calling fsPromises.open() is not recommended. Doing so introduces a race condition, since other processes may change the file's state between the two calls. Instead, user code should open/read/write the file directly and handle the error raised if the file is not accessible.