fs.createReadStream(path[, options])


    <stream.Readable> 的 16 KiB 默认 highWaterMark 不同,此方法返回的流的默认 highWaterMark 为 64 KiB。

    Unlike the 16 KiB default highWaterMark for a <stream.Readable>, the stream returned by this method has a default highWaterMark of 64 KiB.

    options can include start and end values to read a range of bytes from the file instead of the entire file. Both start and end are inclusive and start counting at 0, allowed values are in the [0, Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER] range. If fd is specified and start is omitted or undefined, fs.createReadStream() reads sequentially from the current file position. The encoding can be any one of those accepted by <Buffer>.

    If fd is specified, ReadStream will ignore the path argument and will use the specified file descriptor. This means that no 'open' event will be emitted. fd should be blocking; non-blocking fds should be passed to <net.Socket>.

    If fd points to a character device that only supports blocking reads (such as keyboard or sound card), read operations do not finish until data is available. This can prevent the process from exiting and the stream from closing naturally.

    By default, the stream will emit a 'close' event after it has been destroyed. Set the emitClose option to false to change this behavior.

    By providing the fs option, it is possible to override the corresponding fs implementations for open, read, and close. When providing the fs option, an override for read is required. If no fd is provided, an override for open is also required. If autoClose is true, an override for close is also required.

    import { createReadStream } from 'node:fs';
    
    // Create a stream from some character device.
    const stream = createReadStream('/dev/input/event0');
    setTimeout(() => {
      stream.close(); // This may not close the stream.
      // Artificially marking end-of-stream, as if the underlying resource had
      // indicated end-of-file by itself, allows the stream to close.
      // This does not cancel pending read operations, and if there is such an
      // operation, the process may still not be able to exit successfully
      // until it finishes.
      stream.push(null);
      stream.read(0);
    }, 100);

    If autoClose is false, then the file descriptor won't be closed, even if there's an error. It is the application's responsibility to close it and make sure there's no file descriptor leak. If autoClose is set to true (default behavior), on 'error' or 'end' the file descriptor will be closed automatically.

    mode sets the file mode (permission and sticky bits), but only if the file was created.

    An example to read the last 10 bytes of a file which is 100 bytes long:

    import { createReadStream } from 'node:fs';
    
    createReadStream('sample.txt', { start: 90, end: 99 });

    If options is a string, then it specifies the encoding.